Jesus had announced publicly in John 12:23 that "the hour when the Son of Man should be glorified" had now arrived, and He had declined in John 12:23 to ask His Father to "save [Him] from this hour" (Greek: εκ της ωρας ταυτης). When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, One of you shall betray me--The announcement of John 13:18 seems not to have been plain enough to be quite apprehended, save by the traitor himself. The disciples cannot imagine who Jesus might be referring to, and ask "Lord, who is it?" The devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him; What a horrible purpose for Satan to put into the heart of Judas even in the presence of Jesus! Sometimes, we think that we are a deal too great to wash anybody’s feet; we should like to see a person propose it to us, such big people as we are! Dear friends, when we believe in Christ, we are washed in the fountain filled with blood, and we are clean; but this world is such a sinful place that we cannot walk through it for even a day without some of its mire and dust clinging to us. The one that ordinarily stood in the guest-chamber for the washing of the hands and feet of the guests. What Christ had said concerning brotherly love, Peter overlooked, but spoke of that about which Christ kept them ignorant. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. I wish all of us were half as good as Peter. Thus far, and in the question itself, there was nothing but the most profound and beautiful astonishment at a condescension to him quite incomprehensible. When we see our Master serving, we cannot but see how ill it becomes us to domineer. He then, having received the sop, went immediately out--severing himself for ever from that holy society with which he never had any spiritual sympathy. And when hypocrites are discovered, it should be no surprise or cause of stumbling to us. He knew that he had come forth from God, and that he was going back to God, and he performed this action on the way home to his Father. . some thought . . For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. By no reflections on the traitor, and, what is still more wonderful, by no reference to the dread character of His own approaching sufferings. Know ye what I have done?--that is, its intent. This comes on the heels of an impassioned plea by Christ to the wider world, recorded at the end of chapter 12 (John 12:44–50). The narrative begins [just] [11] before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour (Greek: η ωρα) had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, [when] having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. John 18:27). The prophecy of his treachery may apply to all who partake of God's mercies, and meet them with ingratitude. He does not even name them, save by announcing, as with a burst of triumph, that the hour of His glory has arrived! If Christ does not cleanse us, we do not belong to him. Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash, &c.--more emphatically, "Never shalt Thou wash my feet": that is, "That is an incongruity to which I can never submit." The discourse which Jesus commences after Judas' departure - "the solemn valedictory discourse of our Lord" [36] - begins with three topics: Jesus has said to the Jews, Where I am going, you cannot come,[39] so now he says [the same] to his disciples. and ye are clean—in the first and whole sense. Thy Master knows better than thou knowest what is right for thee. in shorter statement: '.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}He who eats My bread has lifted up his heel against Me' (John 13:18 NASB). Ἔρχεται ... Peter, as John 13:9 shows, did not yet understand the higher meaning of the Lord’s words; he could but take His answer in the external sense that immediately offered itself (if, in disobedience to me, thou dost not suffer thyself to be washed by me, thou hast, etc.). "the heart of Judas") is preferred [16] and most English translations follow this reading. That is a very beautiful description of Christ’s death: “His hour was that he should depart out of this world unto the Father,” — just as though he was merely going on a journey, leaving one land for another; and if this be a fair description of such a stormy passage as that of our Lord Jesus, who died for our sins upon Calvary’s cross, it must with equal truth describe the death of any of the children of God. "Commentary on John 13:4". Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, &c.--This verse is very sublime, and as a preface to what follows, were we not familiar with it, would fill us with inexpressible surprise. The noun is a verbal thread or leitwortstil that recalls the Son’s relationship to the Father in 1:18. . straightway glorify him--referring now to the Resurrection and Exaltation of Christ after this service was over, including all the honor and glory then put upon Him, and that will for ever encircle Him as Head of the new creation. Alas, how little of it there is even within this circle! the Son of Man is glorified in the Father. I would forego the filling of my head for a while if I could have my heart full; but, alas, we are generally so busy trying to attain merely head knowledge! 23-26. there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved--Thus modestly does our Evangelist denote himself, as reclining next to Jesus at the table. When Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. John 13:1. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet. If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me--What Peter could not submit to was, that the Master should serve His servant. Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? I know whom I have chosen--in the higher sense. It went this way just now: “Thou shalt never wash my feet.” Now it goes right away to the other extreme: “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.” Go more gently, Peter, be more quiet. [18] John 13:5 says that Jesus began to wash their feet: the washing was interrupted by Peter's initial refusal to allow Jesus to wash his feet, but John 13:12 suggests that the task was later completed and the feet of all the Disciples were washed, including those of Judas,[19] as Jesus there took back His garments and reclined [at table] again. . 30. John 13:1-17 . That is the way for the head to learn, for knowledge that comes by the way of the heart, and so enters the head, is the best of knowledge. Note on John 15:4.). 37. why not . [44] Many commentators note the tenderness of this word. The true believer is thus washed when he receives Christ for his salvation. (4) Jesus, apparently while this questioning was going on, added, "The Son of man goeth as it is written of Him, but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! and ye say well, for so I am--The conscious dignity with which this claim is made is remarkable, following immediately on His laying aside the towel of service. Lord, whither guest thou?--having hardly a glimmer of the real truth. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 35. We are apt to take it amiss to be told we cannot do this and the other, whereas, without Christ we can do nothing. (1-17) The treachery of Judas foretold. Generous, simple hearts! Jesus said to Peter, “What I do thou knowest, not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.”. Notice the wonderful contrast revealed to us in these verses. He taught his servants to write that there would be a falling away, and that in these last days there would be scoffers; and as we read the prophecies, and compare them with the fulfillment, even the doleful fact itself confirms our faith in our Lord. We need not repeat the first great washing, the bath by which our sins were cleansed; when that was done, it was done once for all. By this it appears, that if the followers of Christ do not show love one to another, they give cause to suspect their sincerity. Ye shall seek me--feel the want of Me. The proverb in 2 Peter 2:22, is about the sow that has been bathed all over (λουσαμένη). After that he poureth water into a bason. It is common to be more eager to know about secret things, which belong to God only, than about things revealed, which belong to us and our children; to be more desirous to have our curiosity gratified, than our consciences directed; to know what is done in heaven, than what we may do to get thither.