0000039878 00000 n The prayer hall (Figure 2) is a rectangle of six aisles running parallel to the Qibla wall. It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was promoted to rule Egypt between 868 and 883AD. The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears It is a wide bench of marble columns used for communicating the words of the Imam during the prayer. 0000007040 00000 n 0000008047 00000 n In 1296, the Sultan Lageen restored the mosque and tiled its floor. 0000049160 00000 n Ibn Tulun mosque is able to manifest the beautiful essence of the Islamic culture in the most majestic manner. The Great Mosque of Ibn Tulun is the third congregational mosque to be built in greater Cairo. 0000067033 00000 n The other riwaq includes just 2 aisles. 0000049224 00000 n The historian Creswell attributes only 4 of the window stucco grills to the Tulunide Period, those of the plain geometrical design. The ninth-century Tulunid dynasty lasted a mere 37 years, and is remembered only because of the mosque it left behind. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within … This page was last edited on 27 June 2018, at 15:39. The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears. 0000040158 00000 n 0000013501 00000 n The building was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Tulun, Abbasid governor, and finished in 879 CE. When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. Vue perspective intérieure de la Mosquée de Touloun (NYPL b14212718-1268742).tiff, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Mosque_of_Ibn_Tulun&oldid=308314785, Cultural heritage monuments in Egypt with known IDs, Uses of Wikidata Infobox providing interwiki links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 0000007152 00000 n The Mosque of Ibn Tulun (Arabic: مسجد إبن طولون‎, romanized: Masjid Ibn Ṭūlūn) is located in Cairo, Egypt. courtyard, the ablution fountain and the extensions forming an external ring. 3 Reference to one of the stories narrated by Al-Maqrizi who claimed that ibn Tulun was told that the mosque would require some 300 columns to carry the proposed roof span. 0000048481 00000 n This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It is square in shape, with each side measuring about 92 m. The original courtyard was not paved and filled with pebbles, as it is today, because this space was intended for prayer. Ibn Tulun Mosque is the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Egypt1. Ahmad Ibn Tulun ( 263-265 A.H.) was born around 835 A.D. The Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque is roughly square in shape, measureing 162 m. in length and 161 m. in width. Find out where it is and what the closest landmarks are on our interactive map. The minaret of the Ahmed Ibn Tulun mosque stands on the north side of the ziyada, where a door leads to an unusual stone structure that holds an outer staircase and a Mameluk-style top known as mabkhara. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. According to Richmond they represent the earliest example of Arabesque, a pattern which became a prominent theme in most Muslim decorative art. This Fawarah was built by the architect Ibn Al Roumyyah. 0000007290 00000 n 0000022467 00000 n Beautiful rosettes and windows form a line of continuous and simple decoration. The dome is plain without a drum and raised on squinch(a straight or arches structure placed to support the weight of a dome). On the architrave of arcades and windows, is found a delicate combination of floral and geometrical patterns which show a great similarity to the one developed in Samarra. They reach the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque (Figure 3). The arcades around the courtyard are deeper in the qibla riwaq, or the sanctuary side are formed by pointed arches. 1The oldest mosque of Egypt is the Mosque of Amru Ibn Al-Aas built in Fustat in 642. Their capitols have the same bell shape as the bases, and both are plastered and carved. Byzantine style marble columns amaze the eye, adorned with their basket work capitols. This Riwaq actually has 6 prayer niches or mihrabs. 0000002284 00000 n To make this site work properly, we sometimes place small data files called cookies on your device, in keeping with the standard policy of most large websites. Both the walls of the mosque and the ziyada are crowned with crenulations, similar to those childhood paper cut-outs depicting human figures with linked arms. 0000065627 00000 n Ibn Tulun Mosque is a rare example where Europeans openly admitted its influence on the development of many features of their architecture. The mosque was constructed in the Samarran style with Abbasid constructions plus constructed around a courtyard, with one covered hall on each of the four sides where the largest one is on the side of the qibla, or direction of Mecca. These arcades are supported by piers. Originally, it appeared that all of the arcades had soffits of curved stucco similar to those restored in the southern arcade. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID. Above you can see a band of Naskhi inscription in black mosaic atop a gold background that contains the shahada. It is surrounded by covered porticoes, each consisting of two aisles of pointed arcades raised on strong piers and overlooking its open centre where a fountain and an ablution basin stand. 0000064997 00000 n Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. The mosque employed some 160 piers of rectangular shape of about 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width. 0000066501 00000 n Such a number would be difficult to collect and transport. 0000032857 00000 n The ceiling of the Ahmed Ibn Tulun mosque is composed of palm logs constructed in wooden panels. Its stucco molding and the 2 stucco bosses on each side of the arch are original. 115 0 obj <> endobj xref 115 74 0000000016 00000 n Not only is this mosque the oldest intact functioning Islamic site in Cairo, it's also the third mosque to be constructed for the entire community, and the congregation would join together for the noon prayer every Friday. The Congregational Mosque of Ibn Tulun is considered to be Ahmad ibn Tulun (r. AH 254-270 / AD 868-84) who established the Tulunid state (AH 254-92 / AD 868-905). 4Ibid. Ibn Tulun Mosque features Samarra style - its decorations being created from carved stucco a… These piers were decorated at the corners with built in columns made of brick and plaster. Discover the golden age of Muslim civilisation. 0000004391 00000 n Such a feature could not have been achieved by the use of columns, which varied greatly in height and size and would have created problems in raising the arches to the same crown level. 0000007972 00000 n The Fawarah, in the middle of the Sahn was the 3rd one created, after the first two were destroyed. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Its architectural richness exceeded the expectations of medieval architects, especially Europeans, henceforth becoming a show case for them to imitate and admire. 0000197950 00000 n This can be seen in the numerous common features of the two mosques. General information. The lintels are composed of palm-trunks, boxed with wood and an arch above. 0000093384 00000 n General view of Ibn Tulun Mosque showing the prayer hall, the Resources for the Study of Islamic Architecture, Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn (Governor of Egypt and Syria) (patron) (b.835-d.884/220-271 AH), Cairo (place) (969 CE/358 AH [Fatimid Foundation of Cairo]), Masjid Ahmad ibn Tulun (Alternate transliteration), Jami' Ahmad ibn Tulun (Alternate transliteration).